Addiction is a family disease. According to the National Institute of Health’s National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), “alcohol use disorder (AUD) often seems to run in families.1” There is a genetic component to addiction which means that addicts and alcoholics can pass the gene of addiction down to their family members.
For family members who may be predisposed to addiction and substance abuse, family therapy is critical. Genetics are only one component of addiction and are not predetermining factors. That means that treatment tools, like family therapy, play a vital and therapeutic role in breaking the generational cycle of addiction. Learn more about alcoholism and genetics by reading NIAAA’s article on the topic.
Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) is a form of behavioral therapy that is used to treat families who have a member suffering from alcoholism or addiction. The family therapy model is used to treat the family system and helps both addicts and families recover as co-occurring issues (such as domestic abuse, familial discord, and dysfunction) are addressed in conjunction with the addict’s primary diagnosis of addiction.
All families experience some degree of dysfunction. The family therapy model of treatment focuses on the family as a unit, rather than the addict as a single patient.
Family therapy can help:
By working as a unit, families can create a healthier future for all. They can learn new coping skills, break destructive patterns of behavior and join forces to break the cycle of addiction – even if it has existed for multiple generations.
It is important to mention that the family therapy model does not define what a family is. There is no presumption of what the typical family is or is not. All family systems are valid, and all can benefit from the treatment of addiction as a family disease.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s Drug and Health blog, approximately 25 percent of children under the age of 18 are exposed to alcoholism, addiction, and substance abuse.
Children of addicted parents may be subject to neglect and abuse and are at risk of being removed from the home and placed into foster care. These children are “more likely to develop depression or anxiety in adolescence and use alcohol or other drugs early on 2.”
Family therapy and early intervention in the treatment of addiction can protect children from the complex risk of continuing the generational cycle of substance abuse. Children of addicted parents may be held responsible for caring for their younger siblings or their addicted parent. Therapeutic family therapy can help children and their parents improve the family dynamic and structure.
The restoration of the family unit is a critical goal in the family therapy model. When successful, it helps addicted parents become responsible and allows children the opportunity to heal.
Teenaged addicts and alcoholics pose a genuine challenge to parents. Many parents are so terrified of the consequences their child may face that they become codependent. Merriam-Webster defines codependence as “a psychological condition or a relationship in which a person is controlled or manipulated by another who is affected with a pathological condition (such as an addiction to alcohol or heroin). 3”
Codependent parents need treatment and family therapy just as much as a teenaged addict does. For recovery to occur, parents need behavioral therapy that employs positive coping tools that replace unhealthy and codependent behavior.
If you have a teenager addicted to opiates in Atlanta, read our earlier blog post on that topic.
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has created a free brochure called “Family Therapy Can Help.” Please download SAMHSA’s brochure to learn:
Family therapy is a critical component to the treatment of alcohol abuse and addiction. For optimal outcomes, addicts and their families benefit from a wide array of recovery services, including inpatient treatment, residential treatment, out-patient treatment, and 12-step programs.
Please know, though, that you can start healing before your addicted or alcoholic family member chooses to.
If your family member is unwilling to get help for their addiction, there is help available to you. Al-Anon and Nar-Anon are 12-Step Programs that support the family members of alcoholics and drug addicts.
The 12-step programs offer family members a safe place to discuss their issues with others who have experienced or are experiencing the same problems.
For information about Al-Anon, please visit https://al-anon.org/.
For information about Nar-Anon, please visit https://www.nar-anon.org/.
If you or a family member wants to take the first step toward a new life in recovery, we’d love to help you get started.
Breakthrough Recovery Outreach accepts most insurance plans and is committed to the recovery of addicts, alcoholics and their family members. Learn more about the family resources we offer by viewing our Family Program.
1National Institute of Health, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Genetics of Alcohol Use Disorder, n.d. Web, https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-use-disorders/genetics-alcohol-use-disorders (Accessed July 30, 2018). 2Bellum, Sarah. Helping Parents of Addicted Children Find Help, https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/helping-children-addicted-parents-find-help (February 16, 2012). 3Merriam-Webster, Codependency, n.d., Web, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/codependency (Accessed July 30, 2018).